Linfocistosis (LCDV: Lymphocystis Disease virus).
The virus causing the linfocistosis (Lymphocystis Disease virus) has a worldwide distribution, causing a chronic benign disease, nonfatal, in many teleosts and affects at least 125 different species of fish belonging to about 42 families, including marine and both wild as crops (aquaculture) and ornamentals. freshwaters
This virus belongs to the family Iridoviridae genus Lymphocystivirus, including viruses with genome linear double stranded DNA (dsDNA) and icosahedral nucleocapsid about 200 ± 50 nm in diameter, with a capsid double layer, and an outer envelope and a strip of fibrillar external protrusions.
3 genotypes are currently supported:
Genotype I, corresponding to the virus causing linfocistosis (LCDV), such as affecting seabass (Lateobrax spp.).
Genotype II, which would include viruses isolated from Japanese Flounder (Japanese Flounder) (Paralichthys olivaceous).
Genotype III, for isolated rock fish (Rockfish) (Sebastes schlegeli).
Lymphocytosis is a chronic benign disease, manifested in fish affected by clusters of very hypertrophied dermal cells in the skin and fins. The mortality rate of infected fish is low, but fish disfigurement makes them unusable. These cells are referred to as hypertrophied cells linfocistosis and have a thick hyaline capsule and a hypertrophied nucleus with basophilic intranuclear inclusions.
Recommended diagnostic methods
Various methods have been used as insulation in susceptible cell cultures, which have the difficulty that there is little susceptible cell lines and require subsequent identification by virus neutralization tests.
Today, the recommended methods are molecular (PCR of different types), which are characterized by their sensitivity and speed.
Tests in IVAMI
- Molecular detection (PCR).
- Sample excrescences (hypertrophies) skin or fins.
- Suspected of being infected water (at least 50 liters to concentrate)
Preservation and shipment of sample:
- Refrigerated (preferred) for less than 2 days (essential for microscopic examination).
- Frozen: over 2 days (for molecular diagnostic tests only).
- Molecular diagnosis (RT-PCR): 24 to 48 hours.
Cost of the test:
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